Indian Journal of Cancer
Home  ICS  Feedback Subscribe Top cited articles Login 
Users Online :355
Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Navigate Here
 »   Next article
 »   Previous article
 »   Table of Contents

Resource Links
 »   Similar in PUBMED
 »  Search Pubmed for
 »  Search in Google Scholar for
 »Related articles
 »   Citation Manager
 »   Access Statistics
 »   Reader Comments
 »   Email Alert *
 »   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed15253    
    Printed312    
    Emailed20    
    PDF Downloaded1694    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 34    

Recommend this journal

 

 REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 264-273

Epidemiology of childhood cancer in India


1 Clinical research Fellow, Cancer Research UK Paediatric and Familial Cancer Research Group, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
2 Teenage Cancer Trust Professor of Teenage and Young Adult Cancer, Christie Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom
3 Consultant Pediatric Hematologist/Oncologist, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer, Institute & Research Centre, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
R S Arora
Clinical research Fellow, Cancer Research UK Paediatric and Familial Cancer Research Group, University of Manchester, Manchester
United Kingdom
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.55546

Rights and Permissions

There has been enormous progress in the treatment of childhood cancer in the developed world and the epidemiology in these countries is well described. Hitherto, there has been no attempt to systematically study the burden of childhood cancer in India or to understand how the occurrence and outcome of the disease varies across the country. We have reviewed the epidemiology (incidence, survival, and mortality) of childhood cancer across different population-based cancer registries in India and also compared it with data from the resource-rich countries. Incidence and mortality data were obtained from the National Cancer Registry Program Reports and the Cancer Incidence in 5 Continents publications. Further, a comprehensive review of medical literature was done for information on individual cancers as well as survival data. 1.6 to 4.8% of all cancer in India is seen in children below 15 years of age and the overall incidence of 38 to 124 per million children, per year, is lower than that in the developed world. The considerable inter-regional variation in incidence and mortality rates across India suggests a possible deficiency in ascertainment of cases and death notification, particularly in rural areas. The marked male preponderance of Hodgkin's disease, lower incidence of central nervous system tumors, and higher incidence of retinoblastoma merit further analysis.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


        
Print this article     Email this article

  Site Map | What's new | Copyright and Disclaimer
  Online since 1st April '07
  © 2007 - Indian Journal of Cancer | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow