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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 48  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 204-210

Low risk stage I endometrial carcinoma: Prognostic factors and outcomes

Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, Department of Radiation Oncology, Sisli, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
A Yoney
Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, Department of Radiation Oncology, Sisli, Istanbul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.82895

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Objectives: The aim of the study is to evaluate clinical features of patients with low-risk stage I endometrium cancer, who received adjuvant therapy or followed with observation only and to analyse the effects of known prognostic factors in this group of patients. Materials and Methods: A total of 246 patients (median age: 53, range: 31-77) with low-risk stage I endometrial cancer, who were just followed postoperatively (156 patients) or received adjuvant radiotherapy (90 patients) between 1996 and 2007 were reviewed retrospectively. Results: Local recurrence was detected in four patients, distant metastasis occurred in seven patients, and two patients had both local recurrence and distant metastasis. The 83.3% of recurrences were on the vaginal stump. Five- and ten-year local control (LC) and overall survival (OS) rates are 97.6%, 97.6% and 96.4%, 93.5% in the observation and adjuvant therapy groups, respectively, whereas distant control rates are 96.7% and 96.3%. In multivariate analysis, only age and lymphovascular invasion (LVI) were found to affect OS and disease-free survival (DFS). Conclusions: LC and OS rates are high in the low-risk group of patients; however, current adjuvant therapies did not improve the outcomes. Age over 60 years and the presence of LVI have negative effects on outcomes in this group of patients.


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