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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 65-70

Risk factors of female breast carcinoma: A case control study at Puducherry

1 Department of Monitoring, Evaluation and Research, Jhpiego, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, India
3 Department of Radiotherapy, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Pondicherry, India

Correspondence Address:
S M Balasubramaniam
Department of Monitoring, Evaluation and Research, Jhpiego
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.112307

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Objective: To identify and quantify various demographic, reproductive, socio-economic and dietary risk factors among women with breast cancer. Study Design: Case control study. Study Period: February 2004 to May 2005. Study Setting: Departments of Surgery, Medicine and Radiotherapy of Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Sciences and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry. Materials and Methods: Cases were women with pathologically confirmed breast cancer. Controls were age-matched women from medicine and surgery wards without any current breast problem or previous breast cancer. A total of 152 cases and 152 controls were enrolled. They were interviewed for parity, breast feeding, past history of benign breast lesion, family history and dietary history with a pre-tested interview schedule after obtaining informed written consent. Results: The significant risk factors were (odds ratios with 95% CI) previous history of biopsy for benign breast lesion 10.4 (1.3-86.3), nulliparity 2.4 (1.14-5.08), consumption of fats more than 30 g/day 2.4 (1.14-5.45) and consumption of oils containing more of saturated fat 2.0 (1.03-4.52). Conclusions: Nulliparity, past history of benign breast lesion, high fat diet and consumption of oils with more saturated fats were the risk factors.


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