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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 124-128

A comparative study of cervical cancer screening methods in a rural community setting of North India

Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Cyto Pathology, Institute of Cytology and Preventive Oncology, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
S Asthana
Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Cyto Pathology, Institute of Cytology and Preventive Oncology, Noida, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: Supported by grant from Indian Council of Medical Research under funding IRIS No. 3390., Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.138172

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Context: Pap smear testing as a conventional cervical screening approach has limitations for implementation and aided visual cervical testing has varying results in different regions. Aims: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the performance of aided visual cervical screening tests as against conventional Pap smear testing in a rural community setting of North India. Settings and Design: This was a rural community based cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: All 7603 ever married women of age 30-59 years surveyed in a pocket of Dadri Tehsil, Uttar Pradesh, India were targeted for screening by Pap, visual inspection of cervix using acetic acid (VIA) and visual inspection of cervix using Lugol's iodine (VILI) methods. Screen positives were referred to colposcopy and confirmation by histology. Statistical Analysis Used: Detection of histological cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) II + and CIN III + assessed separately by sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratio's and predictive values. Analysis of data was performed by using IBM SPSS statstics software version 16.0. Results: A total of 65.6%(4988/7604) eligible women of 30-59 years age group in the target population were screened. Out of 4988, further analysis was performed on 4148 after excluding those who did not complete all screenings, who lost to follow-up and had missing histology results. Screen positivity rates by Pap (ASCUS and above), VIA and VILI were 2.6%, 9.7% and 13.5% respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of detecting the CIN III+ lesions were 87.5 and 98.8% for Pap, 50.0% and 96.7% for VIA and 50.0% and 95.7% for VILI respectively. Conclusions: VIA screening demonstrated as a feasible primary screening test for detecting high grade CIN and as to perform better when the Pap test is not feasible.


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