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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 176-179

Role of neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiation in locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer: A feasibility study at tertiary care centre


1 Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Regional Cancer Centre, Chandigarh, Haryana and Punjab, India
2 Department of Surgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, Haryana and Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
D Khosla
Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Regional Cancer Centre, Chandigarh, Haryana and Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.138295

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Background: Pancreatic cancer has an extremely poor prognosis and prolonged survival is achieved only by resection with macroscopic tumor clearance. There is a strong rationale for a neoadjuvant approach, since a relevant percentage of pancreatic cancer patients present with non-metastatic but locally advanced disease. The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (NACRT) on tumor response, down staging and resection, toxicity and any survival advantage. Materials and Methods: A prospective pilot study was carried out from January 2009 to June 2011 in which 15 patients of locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer were included. All patients were treated with NACRT protocol with oral Capecitabine and 3D conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) of 30 Gy in 10 fractions. The patients were restaged 3 to 4 weeks after the completion of NACRT and explored for resection. Results: Out of 15 patients, fourteen were evaluable. Four patients underwent surgery, 5 had partial response but remained unresectable, 2 patients had stable disease and 3 had progressive disease. Most of the toxicities were slight and were in grade 1 to 2. None of the patients developed grade 3 or 4 gastrointestinal or hematological toxicity. The median survival was 15 months for resected patients and 8.6 months for unresected patients, respectively. The 2 year actuarial overall survival was 34.6%. Conclusion: All patients with locally unresectable pancreatic cancer should be offered chemoradiation therapy, in hopes of down staging the tumor for possible resection and achieving higher survival.






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