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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 189-192

Initial experience with hyperthermic intra peritoneal chemotherapy and cytoreductivesurgery

Department of Surgical Oncology, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
P Jagannath
Department of Surgical Oncology, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.138304

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Background: Promising results were reported with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) in peritoneal carcinomatosis. Experiences in India are not published. This is a preliminary report. Materials and Methods: From eight patients with peritoneal metastasis, six patients (5 M, 1 F), aged (40-62 years) were treated with CRS and HIPEC between May 2010 and August 2011 from a single institution. Three had Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of Appendix and one each with Mesothelioma, Ovarian Cancer and Colonic Cancer. Four were earlier treated with systemic chemotherapy and recurred. Pre-operative peritoneal cancer index (PCI) was calculated based on recent computerized tomography or positron emission tomography scans. Surgical completeness cytoreduction score (CCS) was classified as macroscopically complete (CCS-0); optimal residual disease ≤2.5 mm in any region (CCS-1); or grossly incomplete: Residual disease >2.5 mm (CCS-2) or >25 mm (CCS-3). They were treated by closed perfusion technique with mitomycin-C (MCC) and cisplatin at 41-42°C, for 60 min. Results: Optimal cytoreduction (residual tumor nodules <2.5 mm i.e. CC0 and CC1) was performed in four patients (66.67%). There was no operative mortality or Grade 3 and 4 toxicity. Patients with PCI <11 are alive without recurrence with overall survival of 26-31 months. Those with PCI >11 had recurrence with overall survival of 3-19 months. Two patients died at 3 and 9 months. Conclusion: CRS and HIPEC is a promising therapeutic option in selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. These results in six patients are preliminary but encouraging. Patient with low PCI had better disease free survival.


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