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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 133-138

Increasing cancer incidence in a tertiary care hospital in a developing country, India

Department of Pathology, Lakeshore Hospital, Nettoor, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
T Cherian
Department of Pathology, Lakeshore Hospital, Nettoor, Kochi, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.175596

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Objective: Cancer is a major health problem in many countries including India. Since Cancer Registries are incomplete in India, only a few epidemiological studies have been done so far. The objective was to determine the leading causes of cancer in a tertiary care hospital and compare the incidences of different types of cancer with the incidences in India and developed countries.Materials And Methods: An epidemiological study was done to collect data from pathology records of 1003 cancer cases during 6-month period in the year 2010. The data was collected in a computer and the data was utilized to make tables and histograms.Results: Of the 1003 cases, the leading cancer site was breast, followed by colon and rectum, lymph node and stomach. The leading cancer site for men was colon and rectum and for women was breast. Conclusion: Cancer incidence is now low in India, a developing country, compared to developed Western countries. However, some cancers, like breast and colon and rectum cancers are increasing every year.IMPACT: The findings of this study support that cancer incidence is increasing in India and more epidemiological studies are needed.


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