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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 41-46

Bronchopleural fistula after lung ablation: Experience in two cases and literature review

Department of Oncology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021, China

Correspondence Address:
X Ye
Department of Oncology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.172512

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Background: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) complicating lung tumor ablation is rare but severe. The purpose of this article was to study its characteristics and treatments. Materials and Methods: Two of 682 (0.3%) sessions of lung microwave ablation (MWA) were complicated with BPF and documented. Two electronic databases were searched for reported cases of BPF after lung tumor ablation. Case selection and data collection were done by 3 independent reviewers. Results: A 56-year-old man and a 61-year-old woman developed BPF after MWA and died. Thirteen cases (mean age 63.8, 61.5% male) of BPF with adequate information were identified from 8 articles. Of the 13 cases, 5 (38.5%) had pulmonary co-morbidity, 3 (23.1%) had a history of pulmonary surgery, 7 (53.8%) had a target tumor adjacent or abutting pulmonary pleura, and 6 (46.2%) developed severe infections. After chest tube placement, pleurodesis, endoscopic therapy, surgery, and other treatments, 12 were cured and 1 died of BPF and pneumonia. Conclusion: BPF is a rare but severe complication of lung ablation, and the management needs a multidisciplinary and individualized treatment strategy.


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