Indian Journal of Cancer
Home  ICS  Feedback Subscribe Top cited articles Login 
Users Online :953
Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Navigate Here
 »   Next article
 »   Previous article
 »   Table of Contents

Resource Links
 »   Similar in PUBMED
 »  Search Pubmed for
 »  Search in Google Scholar for
 »Related articles
 »   Citation Manager
 »   Access Statistics
 »   Reader Comments
 »   Email Alert *
 »   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed316    
    Printed3    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded40    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal

 

 REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 317-324

Systematic review of school-based tobacco prevention programs for the adolescents in India from 2000 to 2020


1 Department of Research, Dr D Y Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, DR D Y Patil Vidyapeeth, DR D Y Patil Dental College and Hospital, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sinhagad Dental College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine University of Pennsylvania, USA

Correspondence Address:
Pradnya V Kakodkar
Department of Research, Dr D Y Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_1206_20

Rights and Permissions

In India, 14.6% of adolescents are currently using tobacco in any form and tobacco control is a major public health challenge. The objective of this systematic review is to analyze all the existing literature and evaluate the effectiveness of school-based tobacco use prevention programs for adolescents in India. The review protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42020159535). Studies were selected using database search, manual search, gray literature, reference chasing, and contacting the authors. All randomized controlled trials, cluster-randomized trials, quasi-experimental, and non-randomized studies reporting school-based tobacco use preventive interventions for adolescents in India; articles published in English (other languages where it can be translated to English) published between January 2000 till May 2020 were included. Data was independently extracted by two reviewers. The Risk of bias (RoB) and quality of the study were assessed using appropriate tools. Among 7972 identified articles, only 13 studies met the inclusion criteria. Each study implemented a unique intervention and measured distinct outcomes. Postintervention, all the studies reported improvements in the study group with respect to the reduction of tobacco use and change in the knowledge, attitude, practices, and/or behavior outcome parameters. Twelve study results were based on short-term assessment. Overall, a 5.17–17.0% tobacco use reduction rate was noted. RoB was high for six studies. Key methodological problems related to study design, duration, outcome parameter, follow-up time, type of intervention, and attrition were identified. School-based tobacco use prevention programs for adolescents in India might have shown positive outcomes but are associated with significant limitations.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


        
Print this article     Email this article

  Site Map | What's new | Copyright and Disclaimer | Privacy Notice
  Online since 1st April '07
  © 2007 - Indian Journal of Cancer | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow