Indian Journal of Cancer
Home  ICS  Feedback Subscribe Top cited articles Login 
Users Online :7015
Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Navigate Here
 »   Next article
 »   Previous article
 »   Table of Contents

Resource Links
 »   Similar in PUBMED
 »  Search Pubmed for
 »  Search in Google Scholar for
 »Related articles
 »   Citation Manager
 »   Access Statistics
 »   Reader Comments
 »   Email Alert *
 »   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded147    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


Year : 2022  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 90-105

Evolving trends in lung cancer: Epidemiology, diagnosis, and management

1 Consultant Surgical Oncologist, Asian Institute of Oncology, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Consultant Radiation Oncologist, Jupiter Hospital, Thane, Maharashtra, India
3 Consultant Medical Oncologist, Manipal Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Indiaz

Correspondence Address:
Amit Rauthan
Consultant Medical Oncologist, Manipal Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_52_21

Rights and Permissions

Lung cancer is one of the deadliest cancers globally and accounts for most of the cancer-related deaths in India. Comprehensive data on lung cancer in India are lacking. This review aimed to discuss the epidemiological trends of lung cancers and driver mutations as well as the recent advancements in molecular diagnostics and therapeutic options primarily in non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in India. Electronic databases, such as PubMed and Google Scholar, were searched to retrieve the relevant literature published in the past 5 years. As per the GLOBOCAN 2018 report, lung cancer was ranked the fourth leading cause of cancer (5.9% cases) in India, in all ages and sexes. Furthermore, 63,475 of all cancer-related deaths (8.1%) were attributed to lung cancer (cumulative risk 0.60), making it the third leading cause of cancer-related mortality. The common targets for treatment in lung cancer patients mainly include EGFR mutation, ALK and ROS1 rearrangements and PDL1 expression. In India, EGFR and ALK re-arrangement are commonly reported, but there is limited data of PD-L1 expression. Molecular testing has gained importance as several biomarkers are being targeted to treat lung cancer patients. Surgery, radiotherapy, systemic chemotherapy, and personalized molecular-targeted therapy prolong the overall survival (OS) in patients with NSCLC. Although chemotherapy and molecular-targeted therapies have greatly improved the clinical outcomes, prolonged disease control could not be attained in most NSCLC patients. In this situation, immunotherapy seems to be potentially beneficial to obtain long-lasting disease control with minimal adverse events.


Print this article     Email this article

  Site Map | What's new | Copyright and Disclaimer | Privacy Notice
  Online since 1st April '07
  © 2007 - Indian Journal of Cancer | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow