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Adjuvant chemotherapy in uterine carcinosarcoma: Comparison of a doublet and a triplet chemotherapeutic regimen
Udip Maheshwari1, Suhas K Rajappa2, Vineet Talwar1, Varun Goel1, Prasanta K Dash1, Manish Sharma1, Pankaj Goyal1, Parveen Jain1, Venkata P B Koyyala1, Dinesh C Doval1
1 Department of Medical Oncology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre, Rohini, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Surgical Oncology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre, Rohini, New Delhi, India
Background: Uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) is a rare and aggressive malignancy, and there are no existing standard guidelines for adjuvant therapy. Doublet chemotherapy regimens are most favored in adjuvant setting; however, given the early chances of distant recurrences, does a triple-drug adjuvant chemotherapy improve disease-free survival (DFS), remains to be seen. Our aim of the study is to compare and review different adjuvant regimens used in UCS.
Methods: Retrospective chart analysis included 37 optimally staged UCS patients. Each of them had either received paclitaxel plus carboplatin (PC) or paclitaxel, ifosfamide, and cisplatin (TIP). A toxicity analysis was charted as per common terminology criteria for adverse events (CTCAE) 4 criteria. A survival analysis was done by the Kaplan-Meier method, and log-rank test was used for comparison of two variables.
Results: Incidence of UCS was 4.1% and mean age (standard deviation) was 58.73 ± 6.3 (range 42 - 71) years. TIP and PC chemotherapies were given to 22 and 15 patients, respectively. Five-year DFS and overall survival for TIP versus PC were 38.2% versus 35.9% (P = 0.118) and 49% versus 50.3% (P = 0.306), respectively, and for Stage I, II versus Stage III was 78.8% versus 12.7%(P = 0.001) and 92.3% versus 34.2% (P = 0.002), respectively. However, in advanced disease (Stage III), there is a trend toward DFS advantage of triple-drug adjuvant regimen (Hazards ratio (HR) = 0.35, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.12–1.07). Grade 3 and 4 toxicities were seen in 54.5% patients of TIP chemotherapy group and in 13.3% patients of the PC chemotherapy (P = 0.012).
Conclusion: Triple-drug adjuvant chemotherapy (TIP) confers no survival advantage over doublet chemotherapy (PC), and in turn, increases the grade 3/4 toxicity in the adjuvant setting of optimally staged UCS patients.
Department of Medical Oncology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre, Rohini, New Delhi
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None