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Robotic-assisted versus conventional laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer: Short-term outcomes at a single center

1 Department of Anorectal Surgery, Gansu Provincial Hospital, Lanzhou, P.R. China
2 Department of Anorectal Surgery, Gansu Provincial Hospital; Department of Clinical Medicine, Gansu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Lanzhou, P.R. China

Correspondence Address:
Xiong-Fei Yang,
Department of Anorectal Surgery, Gansu Provincial Hospital, Lanzhou
P.R. China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_86_19

PMID: 33753624

Background: The robotic technique has been established as an alternative approach to laparoscopy for colorectal surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term outcomes of robot-assisted and laparoscopic surgery in colorectal cancer. Methods: The cases of robot-assisted or laparoscopic colorectal resection were collected retrospectively between July 2015 and September 2018. We evaluated patient demographics, perioperative characteristics, and pathologic examinations. Short-term outcomes included time to passage of flatus and length of postoperative hospital stay. Results: A total of 580 patients were included in the study. There were 271 patients in the robotic colorectal surgery (RCS) group and 309 in the laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCS) group. The time to passage of flatus in the RCS group was 3.62 days shorter than the LCS group. The total costs were increased by 2,258.8 USD in the RCS group compared to the LCS group (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The present study suggests that colorectal cancer robotic surgery was more beneficial to patients because of a shorter postoperative recovery time of bowel function and shorter hospital stays

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