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Isolated Richter's transformation in central nervous system in a patient with refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia

1 Department of Hematology, Izmir Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Science, Izmir, Turkey
2 Department of Pathology, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Izmir, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Tugba Cetintepe,
Department of Hematology, Izmir Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Science
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_31_19

A 67-year-old woman was diagnosed with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) and chemotherapy was started. Due to epileptic seizure and left hemiplegia that developed on the twenty first day of the treatment, cranial magnetic resonance imaging was performed and a markedly increased mass of a diameter of 5 cm in the right frontal lobe was seen. Diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma was concluded at diagnostic brain biopsy. Repeated bone marrow biopsy implemented simultaneously, was reported as CLL. Based on the diagnosis of isolated Richter transformation in the CNS secondary to CLL, R-IDARAM (Rituximab, idarubicin, dexamethasone,cytrabine, methotrexate) treatment was initiated. The patient died on the eighteenth day of treatment due to neutropenic fever and septicemia caused by pulmonary infection.

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  2007 - Indian Journal of Cancer | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow