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Oropharyngeal carcinoma in fanconi anemia patient - Radiation treatment, toxicity, and a year follow-up: Case report

 Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Amala Nagar, Thrissur, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Jomon C Raphael,
Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Amala Nagar, Thrissur, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_162_20

Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited bone marrow failure disorder. In patients with FA, there is a high incidence of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). As there is a defective DNA repair mechanism, radiotherapy (RT) or chemotherapy has an increased risk of toxicity in FA patients with HNSCC. We report the radiation treatment for oropharyngeal carcinoma in a FA patient. Our patient was treated with RT to a total dose of 60 Gy in 30 fractions. She developed grade 3 oral mucositis, grade 3 neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia at 20 Gy which resulted in treatment break of 11 days. She again developed grade 3 mucositis, grade 2 dermatitis, grade 3 thrombocytopenia, worsening of odynophagia at 44 Gy which resulted in a treatment break of 19 days. She completed RT and is now disease-free for 1 year with a good quality of life.

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  2007 - Indian Journal of Cancer | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow