Appendiceal neoplasms: Suspected findings and reports of 14 cases
Serhan Yilmaz, Hakan Bolukbasi
University of Health Sciences, Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Training and Research Hospital, General Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey
Background: Neoplastic lesions of the vermiform appendix are still considered to be rare, some studies suggest that appendix cancer may be on the rise, with an estimated incidence of 0.08–0.1% of all appendiceal specimens. The lifetime incidence of malignant appendiceal tumors ranges from 0.2 to 0.5%.
Patients and Methods: Our study is applied at the Department of General Surgery at tertiary training and research hospital; 14 patients who had appendectomy or right hemicolectomy between December 2015 and April 2020 were evaluated.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 52.3 ± 15.1 (range, 26–79) years. Gender of the patients were: five (35.7%) men and nine (64.3%) women. The clinical diagnosis was appendicitis without suspected findings in 11 (78.6%), appendicitis with suspected findings (appendiceal mass, etc.) in three (21.4%) of the patients, and there is no patient with asymptomatic or other rare findings. Surgeries applied for the patients were: nine (64.3%) underwent open appendectomy, four (28.6%) underwent laparoscopic appendectomy, and one (7.1%) underwent open right hemicolectomy. Histopathologic results were as follows: five (35.7%) neuroendocrine neoplasm, eight (57.1%), noninvasive mucinous neoplasm, and one (7.1%) adenocarcinoma.
Conclusion: While diagnosis and management of appendiceal pathology, surgeons should be familiar with suspected findings of appendiceal tumors and discuss them with patients to the possibility of histopathologic results.
University of Health Sciences, Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Training and Research Hospital, General Surgery, Istanbul
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None