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Sleep quality, mental health, and quality of life in women with breast cancer
Nilufer Emre1, Sevda Yılmaz2
1 Department of Family Medicine, Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Pamukkale/Denizli, Turkey
2 Department of General Surgery, Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Pamukkale/Denizli, Turkey
Background: Breast cancer is the most frequent malignancy among women and its prevalence keeps growing. Today, it is important to optimize the quality of life of breast cancer patients because the survival rates increase with early diagnosis and treatments. Our aim was to examine the sleep quality of patients with breast cancer, compare them with the healthy control group, and evaluate the relationship between quality of life and mental health.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 125 patients diagnosed with breast cancer and 125 healthy control patients who were admitted to the general surgery department of a university.
Results: In 60.8% of breast cancer patients, sleep quality was poor and sleep subscale scores were high. In addition, these patients had a poorer sleep quality, higher score of anxiety and depression, and lower quality of life (in terms of physical subcomponent) compared with the control group. Moreover, although age, marital status, education status, time of cancer diagnosis, menopausal status, surgical method did not have any effect on sleep quality in patient group; low income, accompanying chronic diseases, and increased levels of anxiety and depression worsened sleep quality and increased the risk.
Conclusion: In patients with breast cancer, poor sleep quality, score of anxiety and depression were higher, and worsened the quality of life. In addition, low income, presence of concomitant chronic diseases, and anxiety score posed an increased risk for poor sleep quality. Therefore, physical and mental evaluation of breast cancer patients during and after treatment should not be ignored.
Department of Family Medicine, Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Pamukkale/Denizli
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None