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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21--26

Demographic and clinical profile of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients: A retrospective study

R Shenoi1, V Devrukhkar1, Chaudhuri2, BK Sharma3, SB Sapre3, A Chikhale3 
1 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery,VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2 Radiotherapy, Radiation Chemo Oncologist, RST Cancer Institute and Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 Head and Neck Department, RST Cancer Institute and Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
R Shenoi
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery,VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra
India

Background: Oral cancers are one of the ten leading cancers in the world. However, in India, it is one of the most common cancer and constitutes a major public health problem. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, retrospectively, the epidemiologic profile of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Materials and Methods: OSCC cases were retrospectively analyzed from January 2008 to September 2010 for age, gender, occupation, duration of the symptoms, habits (tobacco and alcohol consumption), site of primary tumor, and TNM staging, and the findings were formulated to chart the trends in central India population. Results: Male to female ratio was 4.18:1. Mean age was 49.73 years. The most common site of presentation of tumor was in mandibular alveolus region. Tobacco chewing was the major cause for the development of OSCC. Maximum number of patients, i.e., 201 (68.14%) were presented within 6 months of onset of symptoms. Majority of patients were presented in Stage III (82.37%). Correlation between the two variables, i.e., site to habits, staging to site involved, staging to duration of the disease, staging to habits, and staging to age of the patient, were found to be statistically nonsignificant (P>0.05). Conclusions: The aim of the study was the demographic description of oral squamous cell carcinoma. Most of the cases report at advanced stages of the disease which often leads to delay in the management coupled with the fact that health care centers are burdened with long waiting lists. Strategies to overcome the present situation must be undertaken by oral health programs for the early diagnosis and prevention and management and follow up of oral cancer.


How to cite this article:
Shenoi R, Devrukhkar V, Chaudhuri, Sharma B K, Sapre S B, Chikhale A. Demographic and clinical profile of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients: A retrospective study.Indian J Cancer 2012;49:21-26


How to cite this URL:
Shenoi R, Devrukhkar V, Chaudhuri, Sharma B K, Sapre S B, Chikhale A. Demographic and clinical profile of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients: A retrospective study. Indian J Cancer [serial online] 2012 [cited 2022 Dec 7 ];49:21-26
Available from: https://www.indianjcancer.com/article.asp?issn=0019-509X;year=2012;volume=49;issue=1;spage=21;epage=26;aulast=Shenoi;type=0