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Figure 2: Bronchopleural fistula developed after lung microwave ablation in a 61-year-old woman with an adenocarcinoma lesion. (a) Pretreatment axial computed tomography image in lung window shows a 3.5 cm lesion in the left lower lobe. (b) Computed tomography image shows 2 antennae positioned in the tumor for ablation. (c) Postablation computed tomography image shows a close contact of ground-glass opacity with pleural. (d) A computed tomography follow-up scan at 48 h after microwave ablation shows a ground-glass opacity-like reaction band around the lesion, encompassing the entire tumor and involving a large-area pleural. (e) Enhanced computed tomography scan at 34 days after microwave ablation shows a larger pneumothorax, compression atelectasis, and a pleural ulcer. (f) Computed tomography image obtained 80 days after microwave ablation show longstanding bronchopleural fistula and large pneumothorax

Figure 2: Bronchopleural fistula developed after lung microwave ablation in a 61-year-old woman with an adenocarcinoma lesion. (a) Pretreatment axial computed tomography image in lung window shows a 3.5 cm lesion in the left lower lobe. (b) Computed tomography image shows 2 antennae positioned in the tumor for ablation. (c) Postablation computed tomography image shows a close contact of ground-glass opacity with pleural. (d) A computed tomography follow-up scan at 48 h after microwave ablation shows a ground-glass opacity-like reaction band around the lesion, encompassing the entire tumor and involving a large-area pleural. (e) Enhanced computed tomography scan at 34 days after microwave ablation shows a larger pneumothorax, compression atelectasis, and a pleural ulcer. (f) Computed tomography image obtained 80 days after microwave ablation show longstanding bronchopleural fistula and large pneumothorax